Russia’s invasion of Ukraine continues. The use of force should be stopped. All they do is destroy and kill and it produces nothing.
While watching such a situation, I made a pop-up card of Ukrainian architecture.
The card in the photo is modeled after the Pyatnytska Church in Chernihiv.
Chernihiv is a city in the northern part of Ukraine, sometimes written as Chernigov. It is located about 70 km from the border with neighboring Belarus. Russian troops have advanced also here and turned it into a battleground.
Chernihiv flourished as the central city of the Duchy of Chernihiv, a branch of the Grand Duchy of Kiev from the 11th to 13th centuries.
The Pyatnytska church I made this time is believed to have been built in that period (estimated to be from the late 12th to the early 13th century).
Chernihiv was invaded by the Mongols in the first half of the 13th century. The church was used as a fortress and was heavily damaged.
In the early 16th century, Chernihiv was ruled by the Grand Duchy of Moscow, but in the 17th century it became a territory of the Polish-Lithuanian Republic. However, in 1648 the revolt of the Ukrainian Cossacks led to the establishment of the Cossack Hetmanate, and in 1654 it came under Russian protection.
The church was restored in this period, but its shape seems to have changed from the previous one.
Furthermore the church was transformed by restoration after a fire in the 18th century and additions and renovations in the first half of the 19th century.
In the 20th century, the church was severely damaged by bombing during World War II (1943).
Soon after, the Soviets began restoration work, but after an investigation, it was discovered that the original church was built in the 12th-13th century, and it was decided to restore it to its original form. I am curious how they were able to restore it. I found a photo of the church from the first half of the 20th century on a website written in Ukrainian, and the shape of the building is quite different from that of the present building. It may be that the restoration are based on estimation.
The building was completed in 1962, but it seems that there was still some interior work to be done after that.
In 1967, the area surrounding the church, including other buildings, was declared a State Architectural and Historical Reserve. The Pyatnytska Church was opened as a museum in 1972.
Since Ukraine’s independence in 1991, the area has been operated as a state protected area. It is now a church of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church.
I do not want the church, which has been rebuilt after war damage, to be destroyed again. I hope peace will come to Ukraine.
As for the pop-up card, I made the tower part a little too detailed, so I don’t think the pattern is suitable for the download. I am planning to upload another pattern I will make.
[Reference] (Ukrainian website) * I checked all pages with automatic translation.
* ЧЕРНіГІВ СТАРОДАВНіЙ (Chernihiv Ancient)
* Україна Інкогніта (Ukraine Incognito) (There are some photos from the first half of the 20th century and one from after bombing.)
* 24CITY ЧЕРНИГОВ (News site)